1. Land of capitals
While Tallinn is the official capital of Estonia, there are several other 'capitals' in their own rights: Tartu is the long-standing capital of culture, Pärnu of summer, Kuressaare of weddings, Jõgeva of frost and Türi of flowers and spring.
Estonia is a digital society which was the first country to implement online voting in 2005, and virtually all tax returns are filed electronically. Citizens can sign legal documents remotely with their ID cards and anyone in the world can apply to be an e-resident. And yes, it's true – there is 4G coverage even in the middle of the woods.
3. Fairytale forests
Estonians have a tree-hugging streak, and rightly so – roughly 50% of the country is covered by forest, inhabited by all kinds of fauna including lynxes, wolves, brown bears, foxes, rabbits and deer. Over 380 species of birds can also been seen throughout the year.
4. Most meteorites
Estonia has the highest amount of meteorite craters per land area in the world, the most spectacular of which is the Kaali crater field on the island of Saaremaa. The largest crater, measuring 110 m across and 22 m deep, was an ancient sacrificial site.
5. Singing nation
With the largest collection of folk songs in the world, 133,000 recorded tunes, Estonia has aptly been called the "singing nation". The lyrical tradition culminates every five years in the Estonian Song and Dance Celebration, a gathering of up to 200,000 performers and spectators.
6. Extreme swinging
As a child, you've surely dreamt of swinging so high that you go sailing over the top of the swing set. Estonians have turned this fantasy into a sport called 'Kiiking' (kiik is Estonian for swing). It involves strapping yourself upright onto an enormous swing and vigorously pumping your whole body with the goal of rotating 360 degrees. Your inner child will love it.
7. Visitors welcome
With 1.3 million residents and more than 2 million foreign visitors each year, Estonia is one country where annual tourists exceed the local population. However this still leaves plenty of peace and quiet, especially deep in nature.
8. Wife carrying champions
Estonians have a knack for peculiar sports, including wife carrying. Though wife carrying originates from Finland, Estonian couples won the World Championships for 11 consecutive years, from 1998 to 2008. To what do they attribute their success? Perhaps to the popular "Estonian Carry" technique, in which the woman clings to the man's back, upside down. It's a favorite among competitors worldwide!
9. Meals for cosmonauts
Estonia contributed its part to the international Space Race by producing the first food intended for space travel at a factory in Põltsamaa in 1962, a year after Yuri Gagarin became the first man in orbit and seven years before Apollo 11 would land on the moon. Põltsamaa's production of cosmonaut meals has ended, but Estonia's involvement with space has not – in 2013, the country's first satellite, the ESTCube was sent into orbit.
10. Ecological leader
The concept for World Cleanup Day was born in 2008 in none other than Estonia, when 50,000 volunteers did their part to keep local scenery pristine by collecting litter. Around 16 million people in 113 countries have now participated. The biggest "positive civic action" in the world took place in September 8th, 2018 when World Cleanup Day involved 150 countries in a full day of cleaning around the globe. Other Estonian innovators like HoseWear, Derelict Furniture and fashion designer Reet Aus upcycle materials like old firehoses and wood scraps into stylish, environmentally-conscious creations.
11. Europe's most famous oak
Of all the trees in Estonia, a towering oak in the village of Orissaare, Saaremaa is undoubtedly the most famous. It was voted European Tree of the Year in 2015 and stands right in the middle of a football field. Story has it that during Soviet times, two tractors tried to remove it but were no match for the mighty oak.
12. Highways on ice
During the winter cars can travel across 25 km of frozen sea to the island of Hiiumaa on the longest ice road in Europe. A total of seven official ice roads give motorists the unique opportunity to drive to coastal islands otherwise only accessible by boat.
13. European Sauna Marathon
Europe's largest sauna marathon takes place in Otepää. Teams from around the world race between about 20 different saunas to be crowned the winners. When they're not busy plunging into a freezing ice hole, competitors can enjoy the wintry sights of South Estonia.
Weather and climate
The weather in Estonia is very seasonal. The average summer temperature is fairly mild, varying between 16 and 20 degrees Celsius (60 to 68 Fahrenheit), but can reach up to 30 degrees Celsius (86 Fahrenheit). Summer in Estonia tends to be very light, with 19 hours of daylight known locally as the "white nights". Spring and autumn see frequent light rain so bring an umbrella and a waterproof jacket. In winter, the rain turns to snow and the temperature drops below zero, so wrap up warm.
The weather forecast in Estonia is available via weather.ee.
Passport and Visas
Estonia is a member of the Schengen area, meaning that travelers coming from other Schengen countries do not need a visitor visa to enter Estonia. Nationals of the EU, EEA, United States, Canada, Australia and New Zealand, in addition to further countries, do not need a visitor visa to visit Estonia. Please consult the Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs website for a full list and details. If you do require a Schengen area visa, you can submit an application at an Estonian representation abroad. If there is not an Estonian embassy or consulate in your country, you can apply at the office of a Member State representing Estonia in issuing visas.
Estonia is a safe country with low crime rates. In busy urban areas, as in any country, you should look after your belongings and to be aware of pick-pocket thieves. It is required by law for pedestrians to wear a reflector in Estonia due to poor visibility on high traffic roads across the country. Reflectors come in lots of attractive designs and can be purchased for a few euros in supermarkets and souvenir shops.
Tap water is safe to drink all across the country.
Estonia has a low population density and plenty of untouched nature. Three quarters of the territory is covered by forests and bogs. Our air is among the cleanest in the world, and the freedom to roam is codified in law. The natural diversity is emphasized by not four, but five seasons.
To describe Estonian land and nature, words like clean, quiet, calm, untouched, mystical and ancient, among plenty of others, could be used. Our nature tourism offer includes numerous products like hiking trails in bogs and mires, nature parks, birdwatching sites, bicycle tours and canoeing. Our numerous islands, coastal cliffs and population that honors the green way of living make Estonia a top notch destination for nature lovers.
Did you know?
Forests cover about half of Estonian territory. More than 40% of them belong to the state and are certified as organic collection areas.